Malign Rhetoric Риторика викривлення (наклепу) (ua)

is one of the information influence techniques (see Influence Campaigns). Rhetoric is an accepted and natural part of democratic debate where everyone has the right to voice their opinions and engage in public deliberation. A certain amount of rhetoric is accepted in public debate whereas malign rhetoric is not. Malign rhetoric exploits the often-fragmented nature of conversations in the contemporary public sphere to muddy the waters, deceive and mislead, and discourage actors and voices to participate in the public debate. A common vehicle for online malign rhetoric is Trolls. It includes: Ad Hominem, Whataboutism, Gish-Gallop, Strawman, Hijacking etc.