Cultural trauma Культурна травма (ua)

is culturally interpreted wound to cultural tissue itself. In the aftermath of rapid, radical social change the ‘duality of culture’ will manifest itself in a peculiar way: traumatizing events that are themselves meaningful, endowed with meaning by the members of the collectivity, may disturb the very same universe of meanings. If a disturbance occurs, the symbols start to mean something other than they normally do; values become valueless, or demand unrealizable goals; norms prescribe unfeasible actions; gestures and words signify something different from what the meant before; belief are refuted, faith undermined, trust breached; charisma collapses, idols fall. Cultural trauma includes the following symptoms: anomie, civilization incompetence, collective guilty, collective shame, distrust syndrome, crisis of identity, legitimation crisis, cultural lag and social friction.