Ecosystem (Russia’s disinformation and propaganda ecosystem) Екосистема (Російська екосистема дезінформації та пропаганди) (ua)

the collection of official, proxy, and unattributed communication channels and platforms that Russia uses to create and amplify false narratives. The ecosystem consists of five main pillars: - official government communications, - state-funded global messaging, - cultivation of proxy sources, - weaponization of social media, - and cyber-enabled disinformation.