Fourth Wave Of Deterrence Theory Четверта хвиля теорії стримування (ua)

a new line of work on deterrence, which began emerging after the end of the Cold War and gained momentum after the September 11 terrorist attacks. Is characterized by two key elements that are relevant to hybrid warfare. First, a shift away from the relatively symmetrical mutual deterrence of state-actors towards deterring ‘asymmetric’ threats from non-state and pseudo-state actors. Second, the recognition of a broader concept of deterrence that goes beyond military means.